Landscapes

Jan 21, 12 Landscapes

Location in Kyrgyzstan at a considerable height above sea level, the variety of rele phase, the large difference in amplitude (up to 4-5 meters), the intersection of ridges and valleys at different distances – all this creates the conditions for the existence of considerable diversity and differentiation of the landscape of the country.

Formation of landscapes, especially their high-altitude belt and horizontal spatial distribution respectively associated with periodic tectonic activity took place in the republic during the long geological age. The current state is determined by the landscape shafts occurring GOVERNMENTAL erosion, denudation, gravity of the process, the activity of glaciers and eternal freezing lots, erosion, landslide, mudflow and other geomorphic processes, and increasing from year to year, the pace and scale ble chores and their negative environmental consequences. In general, you sheprivedennye natural and anthropogenic factors on the territory of Kyrgyzstan within the temperate and subtropical geographical belt of Eurasia contributed to the formation of mountain landscapes with a complex and diverse structure. In the mountainous terrain on the low hills, its middle and high tiers, as well as the adjacent intermountain basins and valleys in the general form of HN is the following landscape zones: desert Nye, semi-desert, steppe, meadow-steppe, forest, meadow and forest-meadow steppe, subalpine meadow and meadow-steppe, alpine meadow, meadow-steppe and steppe, tundra cold-Wai; nival-glacial.

Within the low-mountain stage of the relief on the mountain slopes and bottoms of the adjacent basins between mountains and valleys (up to 2000-2100 m above sea level) is distributing its priority were: desert, semi-desert and steppe zones nye landscapes. For slopes in the limit cases of this tier is characterized by mostly mild, and gentle vypolozhennye, and on the bottoms of the basins basest form, as well as low adyry. These landforms were formed as a result of years of erosion and accumulation processes. Indigenous (solid) of Genera covered mountain is quite a thick layer of loam and Lesso ApartHotel prominent grayish-argillaceous sedimentary deposits GOVERNMENTAL Neogene-Quaternary period. In some places the native rock face on the earth's surface and form a pre sharply dissected property, steep and ovrazhistye landforms a little altitude. In some places there are very low and densely dissected slopes of low mountains – the badlands with a rare soil and vegetation. At the bottoms of the basins and adjacent predgo ryah found ostantsevye mountains and adyry comparatively low altitude. In most of the intermontane basins and valleys within the low-tier mining generally developed terraced landforms, to-rye have several mortar it. In the last neotectonic cities the educational process, within a given stage of the relief amplitude occurring tectonic quasiperiodic motions was not very high (up to 1500-2000 m), which determined the depth of the equation raschle lowland valleys, ravines and gorges, representing an average of 700-1300 m composing rocks, sediments on the slopes of mountains, valleys and the bottoms of the basins were formed as a result of erosion and accumulation Tate deyatelnos ty of surface waters of the Neogene-Quaternary time derivative.

Desert landscaping are low-mountain stage is located at an altitude of 1000-1100 m above sea level it within the Ferghana, south-east. Part-Ketmen Tebenskoy, in the form of separate sections Leylek, Batken and Ohninskoy basins, and in the foothills of south-east. lower reaches of the r.Naryn. The surface of the desert landscape shafts, in general, has a weak division, sometimes gentle slopes of the foothills (south-east of the Lower Naryn current) alternate with steep, bare areas, and are relatively low, but adyr alluvial deposits and proluvial loess-like loams. For desert landscapes characteristic thorns dry climate, hot summers (July average critical temperature of 25-26