Foreign policy

Feb 04, 12 Foreign policy

The main objectives of the foreign policy of the Republic of Kyr gyzskoy are: strengthening independent dependence and sovereignty of the country, providing nat. security of the political and diplomatic means in E, the creation of favorable external conditions for internal political and socio-economic transformation. Promotion and implementation of Nat. Kyr gyzstana interests were provided mainly through the development of friendly, mutually beneficial relationships with neighboring countries, major powers in E and the integration unions of the world community.

Background Documents – Declaration of State. Independence of 1991, the Constitution of the Kyrghyz Republic, 1993, Presi dent of the Decree Kyrghyz Republic September 15, 1997 on the coordinating role of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to conduct a common foreign policy of the republic, the doctrine of Presidential Diplomacy of the Silk Road from 1998, the Foreign Policy Concept of the May 17, 1999 – form the basis of foreign policy. Under the Constitution, the President of the Republic of Kyrgyzskoy defines the main directions of foreign policy, represents the country in international relations, lyaet implementation of the foreign policy, negotiate and sign international-to-let. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kyrgyzskoy Xia is the leading state. authority to implement its external policies. For the preparation of highly lifitsirovannyh diplomatic personnel in the creation of the Diplomatic Academy of Kyrgyzs Coy (2001).

Since 1992, the Republic of Kyrgyzskaya mustache thanes diplomatic relations with more than 100 countries, has become a member of more than 50 universal institutions and forums, has opened 19 diplomatic and consular representatives 3 the proof abroad. In turn, the Republic of Kyr gyzskoy 88 accredited degree elliptic missions and international organizations, with residences in the cities Bishkek, Almaty, Tash Kent, Moscow. As the reality of segodnyash a day, a foreign policy that Kyrgyzskoy Presidium of Akaev, my conduction over the years, proved to be optimal and correct. To date, the strategic objectives were sformirova Kyrgyzskoy Republic ki, and foreign policy priorities vneshneekonomiches Kieu, the legal fundamental element. For 10 years, Kyrgyzstan has formed the whole ma solid legal base sided bilateral and multilateral relations. Thus, the beginning of 2001 Kyrgyzstan became a member of more than 2,500 agreements. Significantly expanded range of interstate. contacts in the international arena formed the image of the republic, as state properties on the path of democratic and market transformations night, fair and decent Decent member of global processes. For lozheny prerequisites for sustainable internal development and integration of countries into the world economy. For Kyrgyzstan, interests and foreign policy objectives are to create the maximum extent possible and to ensure the strengthening of international security is not dependence, sovereignty and economic autonomy of self, the territorial integrity of political and diplomatic means. For Kyrgyzstan, the main regional priority is the post-Soviet space – due to historical, cultural, geopolitical, economic, humanitarian circumstances. Kyrgyzstan is interested in acting according to the mechanism of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) has developed and strengthened, becoming a dynamic integration union on the principles of voluntary participation and equal rights. CIS countries (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyr camp, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uz bekistan) formed in late 1991, lo justify itself as an institution, to-ing provided beskon fliktny transition from a single union state properties of a system of independent Nat. States. For the last period in the CIS was made more than 1,000 documents, including more than 400 – the Council of Heads of State and more than 700 – including the Council of Heads of Government. They laid the foundation of a concerted strategy to kratkos rochnuyu and long-term perspective, taking into account mutual interests and international law. The central document is the talk before the establishment of the Economic Union (September 24 ber 1993), reflecting the concept of constructing a new system of economic rela solutions of the Commonwealth. During the years of the existence of a C NG occurred many processes and multi-tier integration, to-rye contributed to the formation of various associations of regional cooperation in this area, based on the k-ryh provided, especially economic cooperation. The development of relations within the Commonwealth and the properties were built in the framework of multilateral and bilateral cooperation. April 30, 1994 Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan signed the Treaty establishing the Common Economic Space – Central Asian Union (CAU) in March 1998 to this Agreement with Tajikistan joined. In July 1998 tion of education was named the Central Asian Economic Community (CAEC). In January 1995 the Russian Federation, the Republic of Bela Rus. The Republic of Kazakhstan together in Ta Customs Union, in March 1996 it acceded to the nilas Kyrgyzskaya Republic, 1999 – Republic of Tajikistan, and October 10, 2000 the Union was transformed into the Eurasian Economic Community. The major factors that stimulate the emergence of the CIS: Central Asian Economic Community, EurAsEC, and other educational integration were vany economic interdependence, common communications and energy cal systems, the complex processes of transitional period, the socio-economic problems, etc. On the nature and the need in developing a coordinated and concerted action to minimize internal and external threats. Kyrgyzskaya Republic seeks perfection Vat mechanism of interaction within the Commonwealth of the set, is seeking the full implementation of earlier agreements and arrangements for the setting up Aniyah friendly and effective climate and cooperation. Long-term interests of Kyrgyzstan is responsible for the implementation of the contract cos Denmark CIS Single Economic Space, to-ing envisages gradual formation derivations of the common market of goods, services, capital and labor.

At the core of international politics are Democratic Republic of Kyrgyzskoy valuable STI and ideals. Development of democracy in the region contributes to the strengthening of security, therefore Kyrgyzstan strives to make its contribution to the global goal of the present – a peaceful, free and secure international community. This means that foreign policy Kyr gyzstan must demonstrate commitment to peace with democracy and respect for human rights compliance tion, the choice of a market of economy. Kyrgyzstan considers Tsentralnoazi ASCT region as a single geo-mediator between East and West. Aktsen Tyre attention to in-depth development of bilateral and multilateral external relations with the Ka stan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, including in the framework of the Central Asian Economic Community as a whole, Kyrgyzstan strives to create a belt of the safety and good neighborliness on the perimeter boundaries Kyrgyzskoy Republic, which is considered as one of the basic formulas of security and stability of the Republic (of China Russia CIS, OSCE European institutions U.S.).

The importance of joint efforts in the format of the Asian region to strengthen regional security and stability particular, are the summits of heads of states – participants nicknames of the Shanghai Five (Russia, China, Ka khstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan), founded in 1996, Noah. Five states, taking teaching tion in the negotiations around the world have demonstrated their willingness and ability to solve complex nye interstate. issues in a spirit of mutual understanding and mutual respect of interests. In 2000, Du Dushanbe at the V Summit of Shanghai Five was renamed Shanghai Forum. In June 2001 in Shanghai, Lane jubilee summit of the Shanghai Forum, there was a transformation of the forum in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization with the adoption of a full-fledged members of the organization in Uzbekistan. Of great importance for the Republic of Kyr tion is close interaction within the consequence of the Shanghai cooperation organization eration, coordination of practical steps in foreign policy and global spheres of Noah and of regional diplomacy, collective security, defense and border protection, E rotvorcheskih shares in the conflict zones of the CIS and migration policy, drug trafficking and weapons.

The priority of the economic factor of the CIS pre envisions security as the Commonwealth and each participant. The agenda stood the need for a number of collective security of the CIS. This is used exclusively important issue found its practical embodiment matic May 15, 1992, when Tash Kent, Chapter 6 of the CIS – Armenia, Ka khstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – signed a treaty on collective security, Noah (CST), according to the rum- , who wrote under the parties undertook to resolve all times disagreements among themselves and with other States by peaceful means. In 1993 the Treaty joined by Azerbaijan, Belarus, and Gro manifold. TCS has been registered in the United Nations (November 1, 1995). In accordance with the Treaty, the Council was formed collective secu ty consisting of the heads of States Parties, Mini foreign ministers and defense, the General Secretary of the Collective Security Council STI. The Council coordinates activities and provides ABILITY Parties to the Treaty in this field co of cooperation. However, in April 1999, three states – Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan is not a written protocol on the extension of the Treaty on collective security number. At present, the CST are six states of the CIS. The real relevance and effectiveness of the Treaty was demonstrated in 1999 and 2000, when international terrorists nyali enterprises attempt to invade the territory of the Kir g yzstana. Political support for the military-technical assistance from the algebraic participants Dogo thief allowed Kyrgyzstan to provide security pasnost its borders.

Of particular importance for Kyrgyzstan has participated in international organizations. One of the first important step, after finding of sovereignty, the entry was in 1992 at the UN. Membership in it allows you to update themselves to actively participate in the processes of international life, the ACT sobstvovat address socio-economic, cultural, humanitarian and environmental problems of. Annual participation in the delegation Kyrgyzsta sessions of the UN General Assembly during attracted the attention of the Secretariat and other UN agencies to the problems of Kyrgyzstan. Participation of Kyrgyz Republic in the UN specialized agencies tions, as the UN Development Programme (ABM OH) Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Food, and c. – of x. zatsiya organization (FAO), Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Health Organization (WHO), International Labour Organization (ILO) and others allow us to provide the country an international niche for carrying out and defending his policy on important issues of our time. Over 10 years of sovereignty in their direct assistance designed and implemented dozens of projects and programs that promote social and economic development of Kyrgyzstan in various domains. The European Community is one of the central foreign policy kyr gyzskogo state. As an influential center of world politics and representing've somy factor of political, socio-economic and cultural development of the entire international community, the leading European countries turn out to Kyrgyzstan great financial and economic assistance for developing countries. The development and deepening of relations with the Republic of Kyrgyzskoy European countries within the Euro pean Union, as well as with regional organizations, governmental organizations the OSCE, NATO opened the way to information integration in the community of developed democratic states.

Participation in the activities of the Organization of Kyrgyzstan tion for Security and Cooperation in EB Rope (OSCE, 1992) in all fields, including political, economic, environmental, logical and humanitarian aspects, is fundamentally important principle. The desire of Kyrgyzstan to implement OSCE standards and actively assist in this part of the OSCE lies in understanding the need for sustainable development of democratic institutions, the further development of civil society. Opti mum takes the form of cooperation with NATO gyzstana Kyr, versatile and has a regular character. In the circumstances of the new military-political situation, not sufficient for advanced training of military personnel, con version of the defense industry, has an important value chenie Kyrgyzskoy part of the Program Partnership for Peace predos nent enable Kyrgyzstan to develop relations in such important areas as education in peace, according to lawsuits and rescue and humanitarian operations, planning and execution of tasks during an emergency, the formation of civil-military relations International Covenant on Civil.

Priority for the Kyrgyz Republic is the development and deepening of bilateral relations, both with the CIS countries, as well as with Member States of the West and East. One of the principal and long-term foreign policy priorities of Kyrgyzstan is to strengthen and further develop comprehensive relations with the Russian Federation. Kirghiz-sian relations are characterized by growing age yuschey dynamics of the political dialogue, you have high levels of openness and partnership in the maintenance of security In particular, the military-political, trade and eco nomic, scientific, technological and cultural cooperation. Since independence, continued intensive dialogue between our two parties, to-ing allowed Russia and Kyrgyzstan to create not only a thorough contractual right vovuyu base, but also a special relationship. One of the last documents in bilateral relations between Kyrgyzstan and Russia, to-ing affix drank historical context and the official status of the Alno cooperation between Kyrgyzstan and Russia as a strategic allies and partners Cove is a declaration of eternal friendship, Noah, alliance and partnership between the two countries (2000). Given the increased volume of trade and economic relations between Kyrgyzstan and Russia, reached dogo having agreed about the opening of the consultation properties Kyrgyzskoy Republic in Yekaterinburg n. A special area of ​​contact of interest is one interstate co operation with Russia in the format of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization tion, CIS Until Collective Security Treaty, the Eurasian Economic Community skogo. The state of bilateral relations with neighboring countries Us – Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan stan is a critical factor, defines the stability of the region and the country is not. Kyrgyzstan has made every effort to develop and strengthen friendly relations with the countries of the region on the basis of mutual understanding and mutually beneficial cooperation and to create a single economic inte ration of space. In recent years, a trend of increasing geopo lytic role of the Caucasus, as the binding tion of various transport and energy communications is an integral part of the implementation of the Doctrine of The Great Silk Road program: the SPECA, TRACECA. In view of the existing historical and cultural generality, the Caucasian countries are also one of the priorities of his foreign policy of Kyrgyzstan. Existed pony manie and the desire of the parties to mutually beneficial cooperation in all spheres of STI, the coordination of approaches and positions on the set of GMM important regional and international issues of expanding the development of progressive relations with the countries of the Caucasus. Kyr mill attaches importance to developing bilateral and multilateral cooperation ronnego with Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova. Actively developing at times on bilateral and multilateral relationship with Belarus in the CIS, CSTO and EurAsEC. There has been a resumption of contacts with the Baltic states comrade, the basis for the k-ryh were joint statement of the balance of the Settlement Research Institute of the results of inter-state calculations for 1992-1993, as well as cation exchange of ratifications of the Treaty on the legal literacy of power and relations between the Republic Kyrgyzskoy Lika and the Republic of Latvia on kim of civil, criminal and family matters.

The strategically important partner for the United States remains gyzstana Kyr. From the date of gaining independence Kyr gyzstan U.S. interest to work closely conditioned by the inclusion of the American republic in various ican programs of technical and humanitarian assistance to the volume-ryh exceeded $ 500 million in the most important priorities of the United States in its relations with the Republic of Kyrgyzskoy are: the development of democratic processes in the country is not