Soils

Jan 26, 12 Soils

Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country located in the center of Turan, Central Asia and Kazakhstan soil-climatic facies. The overwhelming majority of the territory is situated at an altitude of 500 to 5000 m above sea level, so the development of soil-forming processes associated with complex physical and geographical conditions, due to the history of landscapes. According to the geomorphological features of the republic divided into the following groups of soils:

The soils of the intermontane valleys and plains (from 500 to 3000 m), to-rye soils are subdivided into lower valleys and plains – serozems Turan, low-carbonate gray soils, meadow gray soils.

Soils of medium-altitude mountain valleys and between basins – a gray-brown desert, light brown, calcareous light chestnut, dark brown, meadow brown, etc.

Soils high mountain valleys – chestnut soils fescue steppes. Learn more about sedona tours!

The soils of mountain slopes (from 1000 to 4500 m). These soils occur on the following altitude zones: mountain-steppe soils (from 1000 to 2500 m) – the mountain gray soils, brown, light brown, auburn, dark brown, mountain meadow-steppe (from 2000 to 2800 m) – black, black brown nut-plane dovye, dark-colored juniper forest humus movidnye spruce forests, subalpine mountain (from 2800 to 3500 m) – Mining lugostepnye, black nozemovidnye meadow, alpine alpiys high (from 3500 to 5000 m) – high-lugos tepnye, meadow , polutorfyanistye Cobresia O wasteland, etc.

Soils syrt highlands (3,000 to 4,000 m and above) – Alpine taky rovidnye desert, mountain brown tynno empty steppe.

Introzonalnye soil. Wetlands – meadow and meadow-swampy, and peaty al lyuvialnye; saline – with Lonchakov, salt licks. The main regularity of the geographical distribution of soils in the ter ritories bordering intermountain valleys and mountains of a high-altitude zone, the manifestation of a swarm is observed not only on the slopes of the mountains, but also in the piedmont plains in intermontane valleys and mountain basins. Change the soil in the valleys between zones occurs as a function of their dependence on the absolute height and the fluid economic conditions. For example, in the West when ysykkele develop a gray-brown desert soil, to the east-rye gradually replaced by chestnut soils, and in the east. part of the boiler fault developed chernozems. Such a horizon-tally altitude change soil conditions characteristic of the Island so large intermontane ling to the republic.

The formation of soils is influenced by altitude intermountain valleys, and the position of the WPA din. A set of soil belts in the low valleys between much larger and more complex than in medium-and high-altitude valleys and basins. On the slopes of uneven distribution limits of heat and moisture, so the formation of the structure of high-altitude zone of the soil cover is depending on the geographic ranges of REFLECTION, you have hundreds of their absolute and slope exposure.

In the highlands of Central syrt tion Tenir Too soils are formed in the harsh climatic conditions. Due to the negative temperature gradient of the annual Ry air, soil-forming process implies in terms of permafrost to-heaven, in turn, promotes the formation of cryogenic landforms. As a result, SFOR deformed takyr desert, brown desert-steppe and tundrovidnye polygonal peat soil. Soils syrt Nago ry different from the typical tundra dominated anaerobazisa processes throughout the profile. The movement of moisture comes from the bottom up, carbonate and other soluble salts accumulate in the upper layer of soil. For soils syrt uplands, formed under the influence of frost weathering tion and rocks, in the k-ryh lot of CO2, carbonate, an alkaline solution is characterized by action and distribution of salt marshes. Gumifi Katsia crop residues is characterized by the weak intensity. On such soils are weakly plants and microorganisms is being developed.

Southern Kyrgyzstan is part of the Turanian facies, located at altitudes 500 – 5000 m at sea level d. Soil-forming rocks of the intermontane valleys, the formulate ryh to-gray soils incubated Turan, are prominent Lesso ApartHotel loam, conglomerates and gravels of the Quaternary period, as part of the Xia-ryh are carbonates and other soluble salts. On the slopes of the mountains surrounding the Ferghana Valley, dominated by ancient eluvial and divide trivial Paleozoic rocks consisting mainly of limestones, shales and sandstones Cove. It clearly shows high-altitude zone of the soil cover. In the Ferghana Valley, behold rozemy occupy almost all the plains and foothills of the space. This is due to the location in the Southern Kyrgyz Český subtropical climate zone, where precipitation falls mainly in spring and autumn. Winter is moderately warm and the summers are very hot and dry.

In the area of ​​agriculture the average annual temperature is 12 pa – 13