The national goal of sustainable development

Feb 11, 12 The national goal of sustainable development

The national goal of sustainable development

While the national goal of covering all natural resources, focuses on a special purpose, aimed at the mining resources, which contributes to the achievement of national goals. As a result of intense analysis and debate has identified the following goal of sustainable development in mountain regions:

The natural resources of mountain areas used environmentally, socially and economically sustainable manner for the optimum benefit of the population of Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia.

It is assumed that this goal will be comprehensive and include all types of use or potential use of natural resources of mountains, such as agriculture and tourism as well as protection of biological diversity. Particular attention is paid to the inability to address issues related to the use of natural resources of the mountains away from issues related to people living in the lowlands. Learn more about gluten free restaurants phoenix!

STRATEGY FOR THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTAIN REGIONS

The strategy is a way that shows how to achieve the above objectives of sustainable development in mountain regions. It consists of the following components:

• The sectoral objectives define what needs to be done for each individual resource mountains. They are part of a strategy to more accurately determine the direction in which solutions should be found for the sustainable use of specific types of resources. In addition, the strategy identifies ways that are important for all sectors and identifies important trends within the sector and thus contribute to the how to achieve the goal.

• Operating principles define the way how to perform certain actions. Of course, the working principles are specific to individual actions depending on the target groups and objectives of the action. However, there are also general working principles that define the nature of the action plan and ways to achieve goals.

Criteria for prioritizing actions also contribute to addressing the issue of how to achieve goals. This component, ultimately, is the basis for developing action plans.

The sectoral objectives of sustainable mountain development.

It is assumed that the sectoral targets, after all, they will be achieved, in general, lead to the overall goal of sustainable development of mountains. Agricultural resources are used sustainably in the mountains,

continuously for optimum benefits of the population. Efficiency of water use has increased substantially

in Central Asia, while reducing the negative impact on the environment. Using the energy potential of the mountains is optimized with minimal negative impact on the environment. Forest Resources and shrubs are maintained and used in a sustainable manner for the optimum benefit of the population. The population of Kyrgyzstan is protected at the highest possible level of disaster in the mountains.

Protected areas in the mountains are used optimally and sustainably, and the territory as protected unmarked, are protected from abuse when hunting, fishing, gathering and business activities in tourism. The potential for tourism and recreation in the mountains is implemented sustainable and environmentally healthy. Sustainable and environmentally sensitive exploitation of natural resources bring income to local communities.

These objectives are expected to be achieved actions proposed below. A number of additional targets that relate to the conditions of the structure for the development of mountain regions and which are not directly part of the action plan will be partially supporting character, as they will be achieved: The legal and administrative system is adapted to market conditions. Political and economic stable states reached at

the basis of good cooperation with neighboring countries. Administrative reform aimed at decentralizing

responsibility and decision-making authority, has allowed local communities and villages to manage the resources of their regions. Poverty reduced and alleviates pressure on the natural

resources in the mountains.

• A national system of education (including education in the environment) and the vocational education system transformed, strengthened and respond to current needs.

Strategic Issues

Strategy to human problems arising in the mountains, are interrelated and are largely due to people using the resources of the mountains. Two different categories of people need to be addressed using different approaches:

A. The population living in the mountains, is not interested in destroying its own environment, but must respond to the mechanisms of constraint, constraints and pressures that force them to act in destructive ways. All the fast changing economic, social conditions, environment and technical capabilities. Therefore, support is needed to accelerate the adaptation to new conditions.

Many of the above sectors to attract the local population is one of the main recommendations. Working with only the basic features of the sector, without an understanding of the system resources, solve only part of the problems that lead to recommendations that may even adversely affect other aspects of resource use.

Therefore, a holistic approach to analyze the needs, constraints, opportunities and aspirations of the public. This is the first step, an attempt to better understand the cause of the actual behavior of people is very important for any kind of advice. This analysis should be deep, with the actual definition of the causes of problems. In the case of the surface of this analysis, it gets stuck at a superficial level, when the conclusion is given in the same way that farmers need the money. This analysis represents the first step in joint cooperation with the public. At a certain stage of this cooperation, after careful observation should be developed overall measures of improvement. Of course, at this point takes a lot of the work of specialists and experts. The focus is on developed joint efforts of the measure of improvement.

To determine the utilization of improved systems need mutual learning process, and how it specifically, the greater the need for external data about the environment, possible methods, skills, financial analysis and practical relationships. As a result, attitudes, understanding, motivation and people skills will change, and they can adopt sustainable practices of land and resources in order to avoid potential losses.

Two. The organizers of the economy and the exploitation of resources, living outside the mountain regions, much less interested in maintaining a healthy environment in the mountains. However, they have interests in the exploitation of certain resources of the mountains. As an example, mining companies, hunters and fishermen from the cities or abroad. There is no doubt that it is necessary to force them to use the resources of the mountains, supporting their sustainable development. For this purpose, is necessary to introduce regulatory mechanisms – in the public interest, but also in the interests of local people and in collaboration with him. Public Resource Management (at the community level) Achieving the goals will not be successful if the local population has no rights to make decisions about resources, and have no property rights to local resources or, at least, long-term user rights. This situation makes it incompetent residents, and decisions are made in a neighboring area or even in the capital. This leads to the fact that the population no longer feels responsible for the environment and, therefore, an abuse of its benefits or allows abuse by unauthorized persons. Therefore, the strengthening of decentralized power, decision-maker is an important tool.

The issue of ownership of the resources of the mountains, and is closely linked with the question of land ownership. Farmers will not destroy their own land, but they will be unduly exploit the land that is not theirs, which ultimately lead to its destruction. At present, the question of ownership of a farmer's arable land is the most pressing issues in Kyrgyzstan. The situation with the ownership of individuals or communities on the mountain pastures, woods, hunting resources, etc. still not clearly defined, are not adequately addressed the issues of sustainable long-term maintenance and use of these resources because they are still in state ownership. This issue should be included in the development of projects or research programs, and must be brought to the attention of the political level.

The government can no longer be the sole arbiters in management decisions. Need a new vision of governance, and requires new skills of those charged with the mandate of the primary management or protection. The first step toward moving the focus to local communities has been made in Kyrgyzstan, with the introduction of local authorities. But we need to engage and strengthen these structures.

Balanced development

According to Agenda 21 long-term operation of mining resources includes the following components.

A. Environmental components: natural, that is, the physical state of the environment shall not be infringed. This means prevention: soil erosion, increasing the instability of slopes, loss of soil fertility, increase in chemical precipitation, loss of biological diversity, excessive logging, knock-out (exhaustion) of pasture, soil pollution, water, air, and abusive use of resources.

The economic component: a productive economy, with the support of technological knowledge, modern infrastructure, and other factors which should be competitive, to provide a satisfactory pay and guarantee an end to rising unemployment.

The social component: a well-balanced demographic structure, corresponding to the real income with sufficient purchasing power, secure job. Part of the social component of the structure are also conditions that guarantee a life without war, oppression and resistance of the local culture and language. These components are closely interlinked and sustainable use of natural resources can only be achieved through an integrated positive impact on them.

Compensation for water distribution and services.

Republic is still experiencing the impact of economic changes and reforms and focuses on the development of agriculture, mainly in the lowlands and on the development of industrial centers in cities with relatively good infrastructure. But as the mountain resources is the main national reserve of Kyrgyzstan, mountain development should be a priority national task.

A shift in the allocation of resources with the involvement of mountain communities, to identify and implement actions for the development of the mining area. Looking for creative institutional arrangements to reinvest some of the revenues generated by water users in water resource areas.

Isolation of the mountain watersheds as a protected water areas can perform a variety of protective and social functions. Necessary to avoid destruction and fragmentation of aquatic areas as well as to support the reproduction of aquatic resources and provide the required water quality. Financial assistance programs sponsored by a reliable water user, can also significantly improve the economic situation in some catchment areas and subsequently lead to more favorable development of the plains.

In Central Asia there are transboundary / regional issues that are being discussed and being forced to cooperate with Kyrgyzstan lowland neighbors.

Benefits.

The population of the mountains will be able to improve their welfare in a short period of time and at the same time improve the condition of mountain resources. You must define your own niche products and services and their competitiveness (tourism and recreation, gathering herbs, mining, agriculture, forestry and forest products and mining). This will help to harness the potential of natural resources, which are not found anywhere else.

Optimizing the use of certain types of resources.

Mountains, because of their inaccessibility and marginality of the population will lose compared to the plains, if their territory will apply the plain methods of resource use. Due to globalization and liberalization of market forces on the global level, efforts that will accelerate the degradation of mountain resources. Need to organize better management and use of the principle of a niche, stop the degradation of mountain resources. The multilateral system of resource use in different altitudinal belts reduce the risks specific to the mountains.

Participation in planning and implementing actions.

A key strategic element for the implementation of individual actions is to bring together key players in governance, an open discussion to develop specific plans and implementation actions. The first step should be careful planning with a clearly defined purpose. Then, this step should be implemented, undergoing correction, in accordance with the requirements of reality. This approach motivates the participants to continue working while studying the next step of planning and implementation. The next step is a small pilot project, then the expansion of activities will be tested as soon as the weight and the success of the pilot project. This does not preclude research and development planning and implementation, as well as exchange of information between science and practice.

Restrictions on the use of mountain resources

Kyrgyzstan has a sufficiently high level of migration from the mountains to the plains. But in the future may be the opposite – an increase of population in the mountains. And then will need to take steps to reduce human pressure on mountain resources. In agriculture, this concerns mainly pasture. Such measures may affect the pricing policy on mountain resources, physical compensation for non-use of resources, the distinction between the structure of the proceeds of vnefermerskoy activities, control over the local population and wildlife.

Institutional and organizational prerequisites for NSiPD

NSiPD realization and achievement of its objectives can not be achieved without the organization that promotes consistent and led the planning and development. Due to the commonality of issues and proposed actions in the countries of Central Asia, the organization must be regional. Such an organization should become a regional mining center of Central Asia (RGTSTSA), performing an advisory role to coordinate all projects in the region and supporting the activities of national working groups CAMIN.

Implementation NSiPD will facilitate cooperation between the many relevant institutions and organizations, including NGOs. It is assumed that the Ministry of Ecology and Emergency Situations CD will act as a coordinating body for strategic issues NSiPD. Performed environmental monitoring program can be used as a tool to help this process. Other programs and projects will be implemented by other ministries and NGOs or directly by donors. These implementing agencies should meet with the staff of the Ministry at certain stages of the project. Preferably, the first such meeting took place on the stage of setting goals and rationale of the project. At the stage of the project the Ministry should regularly monitor the progress of the project. Members of the National Working Group CAMIN must be employees of the Ministry to monitor the implementation of the project.

Developed principles.

The network of scientific institutes, organizations and offices is the basis for the development and implementation of sound strategies and action plan for sustainable mountain development.

Raising the level of political decision-making is an important aspect in order to avoid political conflicts, such as the allocation of water resources. Consequently, the government and administrative staff is a very important target group. Therefore should be paid special attention to the political level to participate in all phases of work and implementation. When considering the complex issues necessary to create

mnogosektorialnye and interdisciplinary team for their constructive solutions.

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